Political Heterogeneity, Caste/Ethnic Diversity and Participation : A Study of Nepal Election 2017

Abstract :

Caste and Ethnic diversity is a prominent feature of Nepalese Society. Elections are connected to every aspect of the polity and it is the process through which to make representation in politics and governance. Political parties represent and lead the society that makes every one voice heard in democracy. This study analyzes multidimensional measures and relationship of caste/ethnicity, gender and political parties in different level of elections in federal Nepal. It aims to offers insights into how political heterogeneity and caste/ethnic diversity interlinked with the result of election and identify the participation of gender and caste/ethnic group in political process through elections. It also try to find out "Have political institutions been a reection of the diversity in Nepalese society?". This study fi nd that caste/ethnicity diversity and gender identity has been incorporated into political institution and process. Elections and reservation of quotas for Women, Dalits, Madhesi, Muslim and Ethnic minority through proportional representation helps institutionalization the inclusion of caste/ethnic peoples, minorities and gender in political process and makes representation at different position.

Keywords: Nepal, Election, First Past the Post, Proportional Representation, Voting, Political Participation, Caste, Ethnicity, Gender, Inclusion, Federalism, Political Party, Federal Parliament, National Assembly, House of Representatives, Provincial Assembly, Local Government, Election Studies

Highlights

  • Findings - 1

    On key decision making position (mayer and chairperson) there seems quite lower representation (2.39%) of women, meanwhile on ward chairperson only 0.90% are women while 99.09% are men.
  • Findings - 2

    There is weak association between caste/ethnic elected candidate with particular caste/ethnic political parties.